Cartography and urban planning documentation
PC «GEO» performs work on the processing of aerial and satellite images on digital photogrammetric systems, the development of area planning schemes for municipal districts, general locality plans of rural and municipal settlements with a description of the location of the boundaries of settlements, rules for land use and development of rural and municipal settlements with a description of the location of the boundaries of territorial zones. Since 2007, the company’s specialists have been successfully developing area planning schemes for the municipal districts of the Kaluga region, as well as master plans and the Rules for land use and development of rural and municipal settlements in the Kaluga region. Territorial planning documents are prepared by us on a software product that is our own development — GIS «Terra» (entered in the Register of domestic software under number 236) strictly in accordance with the requirements of the Order of the Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation No. 10 of January 09, 2018. Projects developed by our specialists are successfully placed in the Federal State Information System for Territorial Planning (FSIS TP).
History of cartographic production in the PC "GEO":
1996-1998 — vector plans of scale 1:2000 were created for 52 settlements of the Zhukovsky district, Kaluga region
2000 — the first vector map of Kaluga at a scale of 1:25000 was created
2004 — for the first time in Russia, a vector topographic map of scale 1:50 000 was created for the territory of an entire subject of the Russian Federation — the Kaluga region
2005 — for the first time in Russia a vector land use map of scale 1:10000 was created for the entire Kaluga region
2006 — a vector plan of Kaluga at a scale of 1:2000 was created
2008 — the plan of Kaluga and the map of the Kaluga region and other settlements are posted on the Internet for free.
from 2005 to the present — creation and updating of hundreds of plans for settlements in Kaluga and neighboring regions.
The map or its derivatives have been, in one way or another, the lifelong companions of man. According to the UN experts, up to 60% of the amount of data required for the life of an adult person is spatially referenced information, or information related to some geographic objects. A map is an assistant, guide, navigator, tool and even an interior element.
All cartographic works differ in purpose, content, scale, compilation. General purpose topographic maps differ from thematic or specialized ones in that all objects displayed on them are equivalent (that is, there are no main and secondary ones) and allow to determine both the horizontal and vertical position of objects. The scale range of maps accepted in Russia is from 1:5000 to 1:1000000.Topographic plan is a large-scale cartographic image of a limited area of terrain on a plane without taking into account the curvature of the Earth’s surface. The group of topographic plans traditionally includes images at scales of 1:500, 1:1000, 1:2000, 1:5000. A scheme, in relation to cartography, can be defined as any image of the area without observing strict mathematical rules for displaying, georeferencing and scale.
We also provide services for the production of maps according to your parameters, the printing of aerial or satellite images of Kaluga and the Kaluga region.
Scale is the proportion that sets the ratio between the size of the object in the image and its life-size. The scale is denoted by a fraction, in the numerator of which is one, and in the denominator is a number indicating the degree of reduction of the image. Thus, the larger number is in the denominator, the scale is smaller. For example, a scale of 1:10000 means that one centimeter of the map is one hundred meters on the ground, and a scale of 1:500000 is 5 km. We simply remove the last two zeros from the denominator and get the number of real meters in one centimeter of the map.
The enormous size of the workshops and the production of maps and their cumbersome equipment have become a thing of the past. The essence of the image remains the same, but the tool, the ability to display have changed. A modern map can be represented by a combination of vector and raster data. A patent example of a vector image is a map in a car navigator, which allows to automate the process of laying a route taking into account the capacity of roads, as well as search for objects by their addresses and other features. A vector map consists of a large number of layers that can be shown in any set required by the user. For example, to make a decision on construction, the following layers should be active: roads, hydrography, buildings, forests, engineering communications, relief. If such a map covers an area of more than 25 square kilometers, then it becomes classified. And if you exclude the relief, then such a map will already become publicly available without area restrictions. Such maps are legitimate and are posted on the Internet. And objects prohibited for an open publication are depicted on separate layers, which are assigned with a certain stamp. An example of a raster map is digital aerial and satellite imagery products. In fact, it is a photographic image in electronic form that has undergone transformation and gives the most natural representation of the area. According to Russian laws, photographic images are classified, with a linear resolution better than 2 meters. Exceptions are made, thanks to the Google Earth resource, only for data obtained from foreign spacecraft.